Exploration of the Effect of Wisdom on the Academic Performance of College Students

  • Dr. Ali Hussain Arif Al Kauthar Islamabad
  • Dr. Zafar Saleem Khattak
  • Dr. Marium Din


The current study has undertaken with the primary objectives to explore the effect of wisdom and its three dimensions on the academic performance of college students and to find out the gender differences with reference to wisdom and its three domains. The population of the study constituted all 2nd-year college students of District Skardu, however, 495 students from 6 colleges were selected as a sample of the study by using the Stratified sampling technique. Different statistical techniques such as Mean, Regression, and Independent Sample t-test were applied for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that students’ wisdom level fell at moderate range and wisdom affected positively the academic achievement of college students. Moreover, the study found gender differences regarding the cognitive and affective domains of wisdom, and female students were wiser than male students, but there was no significant difference between male and female students regarding the reflective domain of wisdom. On the basis of the research findings, it is recommended that teachers should develop the reflective, creative, and critical thinking abilities of students in order to enhance the wisdom level of college students. It is also suggested that different curricular and co-curricular activities that provide students opportunities to decide, chose, reflect and evaluate themselves may be included in the college syllabus.



Author Biographies

Dr. Ali Hussain Arif, Al Kauthar Islamabad



Dr. Zafar Saleem Khattak



Dr. Marium Din

HoD, Education, NUML, Islamabad